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The body’s largest organ, the skin, covers and defends the body. The skin serves several purposes. It helps to retain fluid and prevent dehydration, aids in detecting sensations like pain or temperature, keeps out germs, viruses, and other infection-causing agents, regulates body temperature, and aids in the synthesisation of vitamin D when exposed to sun.

All problems that obstruct, irritate, or inflame your skin are considered skin illnesses or skin diseases. Rashes or some other changes in the appearance of the skin are mostly caused by skin disease. While some of the type of skin diseases may be hereditary, while others may be caused due to a person’s lifestyle.

Types of skin diseases:

Skin diseases can be minor which cause less harm and gets treated quickly whole some people have severe symptoms and require proper treatment for longer time.  Among the most prevalent skin diseases are as follows:

  • Pore clogging acne: These are formed when the skin follicles are blocked and oil, bacteria, and even dead skin cells start building up in pores.
  • Alopecia areata: This is the condition when there is hair loss resulting in small bald patches.
  • Atopic dermatitis: Also known as eczema is a condition where the skin goes, dry, itchy which eventually leads to scaly skin, swelling and even cracking.
  • Psoriasis: In this condition the skin cells tend to multiply at faster pace and results in scaly skin, with red patches which is sometimes painful that may swell or may be hot.
  • Raynaud’s phenomenon: is a condition wherein the periodic blood flow to the areas of fingers, toes or body other parts, is reduced and it causes numbness or changes in skin color.
  • Rosacea: This is a condition where in the facial area is affected. In this condition the facial skin gets flushed, has thick skin and with pimples.
  • Skin cancer: A medical condition when there is uncontrolled and abnormal growth of skin cells.
  • Vitiligo: This is a condition where the skin loses its pigment and results in patches.

Among the various skin diseases which are rare skin diseases most of them are genetically inherited. These rare skin diseases are as follows:

  • Actinic prurigo: feeling of itchy rashes when exposed to sun.
  • Argyria: it is a condition when the skin color changes to blue or grey due to high exposure to chemical compounds like silver.
  • Chromhidrosis: it is a condition where the sweat is colored.
  • Epidermolysis bullosa: This is a rare skin condition wherein due to disorder of connective tissue the skin becomes fragile skin so that it blisters away easily and tears easily.

Main causes of the skin diseases:

Skin diseases might occur as a result of certain lifestyle factors. The skin may be impacted by underlying medical issues. Some of the main causes that lead to skin diseases are as follows:

  • Bacterial infection wherein the bacteria get trapped in the pores or in the hair follicles.
  • Diseases that impact your kidneys, or having thyroid problem, or immune system disorders can lead to skin diseases.
  • Coming into contact with environmental triggers like allergies or someone else’s skin with infection.
  • Certain viruses can cause skin infections
  • Certain fungus can cause skin infection commonly known as fungal skin infections.
  • Parasitise can cause skin rashes and skin infection example lice, ticks, etc can cause skin infection
  • Genetics and hereditary factors
  • Drugs, such as those prescribed for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
  • Exposure to Sun.

What are the symptoms of skin diseases?

Skin disease are of different types and thus the symptoms of the skin diseases can vary form person to person. Some changes to the skin are not necessarily related to skin diseases. It is possible to get blisters due to tight shoes and the skin may turn red. This is not a condition of skin disease. But some of the symptoms that indicate skin diseases is as follows:

  • Abnormal pigmentation of the skin that causes the skin patches or discoloration.
  • Scaly and dry skin.
  • Rashes with pain and itching
  • Ulcers or lesions.
  • Skin peeling out.
  • Pus filled bumps in white or red color
  • Very rough or scaly skin.
  • Scaly or rough skin.

Skin disease treatment:

There are various ways of treating skin infection and most of these ways depends on the patient causes, symptoms and patient health history. It is the dermatologist who have expertise in treating skin diseases. Across the country dermatologist provide proper skin care and treatment services which can be availed via online as well as offline mode. The consultation fees of Dermatologist in Chennai start from 300 INR. The dermatologist views the skin through proper physical examination, and can ask for certain tests. Based on the test and physical examination the expert may recommend medicines like antibiotics, ointments, gels or creams, antihistamines, steroid pills, injections, moisturizers. Dermatologist in Chennai and across the country can also carry out laser skin resurfacing treatment or surgical procedures if needed. Apart from these treatment, the health expert may provide you the best advices and practices to be followed to avoid the skin diseases to come again.


Skin diseases can be prevented through following better lifestyle and hygiene. Certain foods like sugary foods, dairy foods quantity must be limited for diabetic people, proper cleaning, moisturizing and wearing loose closes that provide skin ventilation are some of the good practices. Avoiding sharing of towels and clothes and changing the wearables frequently are some necessary practices to avoid skin diseases. Moreover, avoiding stress, excessive alcohol consumption and smoking are beneficial for healthy body that keeps skin healthy. Keeping oneself hydrated is essential for body healthy skin.

Take away:

Skin diseases can cause discomfort and can impact psychologically. Thus, taking proper health care, maintaining healthy lifestyle and proper hygiene can help in preventing many skin diseases. Some skin diseases are genetically inherited and thus must be treated well in time. Consultation with dermatologist can help you in providing the best treatment and guidelines for managing skin diseases.

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