On track to safety: why trains are the greatest and safest way to travel
Since 1804, when the first full-scale working railway steam locomotive was constructed, trains have consistently been touted as one of the safest modes of transport, boasting a low number of accidents and, more importantly, a minimal casualty rate. In the period between 1975 and 2022, train accidents resulted in only 467 deaths, a stark contrast to the over 40,000 deaths in car accidents in 2022 alone. What makes trains inherently safe, and why are they an enticing alternative to navigating the roads in your car?
Buses in big cities have their lanes to reduce delays in timetables, while trains, operating on dedicated tracks, are almost independent. There are only two issues that may stop trains from traveling: one is electricity failure, and the other is harsh weather conditions, such as frozen tracks or obstacles on the way.
Thanks to these dedicated tracks, the risk of collision is extremely low, enhancing overall safety. The stability of well-maintained tracks, especially with the use of a rail welding equipment kit for the construction and easy maintenance of tracks ensures a smooth and fast journey.
Strict operating regulations
Train conductors undergo extensive training and certification processes, to be able to operate modern railway technologies, but also to be aware of safety measures, emergency procedures, and operational protocols. The strict operating regulations and safety protocols train drivers need to adhere to establish the highest safety standards.
Advanced technology systems
To control and manage train movements, the railway has evolved a sophisticated signaling system helping to prevent collisions. Thanks to the system, the railway operator gets real-time information about the position and speed of trains.
Among the technology used on railways, positive train control (PTC), and GPS-based technology help prevent accidents by automatically slowing down or even stopping the train in case of speeding, or the risk of collision.
Redundant safety features
In case automated systems fail, trains are equipped with redundant safety features, such as braking systems and emergency controls. These strategies state double security measures just in case of technical issues.