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Safe Abortion: Health Systems’ Technical And Policy Guidance

When considering the topic of safe abortion, it is important to understand the technical and policy guidance that health systems have in place to ensure that they are providing the best possible care to those seeking medical abortions. This article will explore the various technical and policy guidance that health systems have in place to ensure that safe abortions are provided to those seeking them. If you want to know more visit us,

Why Health Systems Need Technical And Policy Guidance 

Health systems need both technical and policy guidance in order to address the underlying causes of ill health, reduce health inequalities, and improve access to quality care. Technical guidance refers to the evidence-based practices and interventions that are needed to improve health outcomes. This includes the development of evidence-based clinical guidelines, health promotion strategies, and the use of appropriate technologies. Technical guidance also involves the development of systems and processes that ensure the quality and safety of health services. 

Policy guidance is necessary to ensure that health systems are properly resourced and managed, and that health services are provided in an equitable manner. Policy guidance focuses on the development of legal frameworks, regulations, and incentives that can ensure that health services are available to all, regardless of socio-economic status. This includes the development of health equity policies, the promotion of health literacy, and the establishment of national health plans. 

It is also important to consider the structural and organisational aspects of health systems when developing technical and policy guidance. This includes the development of governance and accountability frameworks that ensure that health services are provided in an efficient and effective manner. It also includes the development of systems for monitoring and evaluating the performance of the health system and for identifying areas for improvement.

Health System’s Technical Guidance 

Health systems technical guidance for safe abortions is an important tool for ensuring that women have access to safe and legal abortion services. This guidance is intended to provide a framework for the development, implementation and monitoring of national health policies and programmes related to abortion. It outlines the roles and responsibilities of government, health care providers and the public to ensure that women have access to safe and legal abortion services. At the core of this guidance is the principle that women have the right to make informed decisions about their own health, including the right to seek or obtain a safe and legal abortion. 

This guidance provides guidance on the legal, ethical and public health considerations related to abortion and outlines the roles and responsibilities of different stakeholders in providing access to safe and legal abortion services. The guidance also outlines the importance of comprehensive abortion care and the need for a comprehensive approach to abortion provision. This includes providing access to comprehensive post-abortion care and contraception, as well as providing support for women and girls who have experienced violence and coercion in seeking an abortion. The guidance also outlines the need for strategies to reduce barriers to access and provide appropriate information and support to women who choose to obtain a safe and legal abortion.

Linking health services with other services 

Safe abortions can be linked with other services to provide a holistic health care experience for women. 

  • It is important to provide adequate health care services for women before and after the procedure. These services should include pre-operative assessments and counselling to educate women about the risks and benefits of abortion, as well as post-operative follow-up care to assess for any physical or psychological side effects. 
  • It is important to provide access to contraception services to help reduce the rate of unintended pregnancies. This includes providing education on the different types of contraception available, and providing access to affordable contraception methods such as birth control pills, female condoms or non-hormonal intrauterine devices.
  • Linking health services with mental health services is important to ensure that women have the support they need during and after the procedure. This includes providing counselling to help women process their decision and cope with any emotional distress they may be experiencing. 
  • Finally, it is important to provide access to sexual health education in order to reduce the risk of unplanned pregnancies. This includes providing accurate information on contraception, the risks of unsafe abortion, and the importance of practising safe sex. Providing this type of education can help women make informed decisions about their sexual health and reduce the risk of unplanned pregnancies.

Improving The Quality Of Care

  • Safe abortions are an integral part of women’s health, and improving the quality of care is a critical step in making sure women receive the best possible care when undergoing the procedure. 
  • It is important to ensure that all abortion providers adhere to the highest standards of medical care. This includes providing pre-abortion counselling, clinical assessments, and follow-up care. Providers should also be knowledgeable about the latest evidence-based practices and be up-to-date on any new developments in the field. 
  • Providers should strive to create an environment of respect and dignity for all patients, regardless of their circumstances. This includes listening to patients, providing them with accurate information, and respecting their individual decisions. 
  • Providers should be aware of, and adhere to, all local, state, and federal laws and regulations pertaining to abortion. This includes providing information about the risks and benefits of abortion and any available alternatives. 
  • Providers should be aware of and responsive to the cultural, social, and economic backgrounds of their patients, ensuring that they are able to provide the best possible care to all individuals. By following these guidelines, providers can ensure that they are providing quality care when performing safe abortions.

Health System’s Policy Guidance 

Health Systems’ Policy Guidance for Safe Abortions emphasises the importance of providing comprehensive, evidence-based and scientific information to women seeking abortion services. It stipulates that women should be empowered to make informed decisions with regard to their reproductive health and be provided with comprehensive counselling and support. In order to ensure safe abortions, health systems should develop policies that ensure access to safe and legal services, promote the rights of the woman to make informed choices, and provide safeguards to protect the health of the woman. 

To meet these objectives, health systems should ensure that women have access to timely and accurate information on options and services related to abortion. Systems should also promote the development of health care providers who are trained in safe abortion practices and are knowledgeable about the laws and regulations governing abortion services. Health systems should also ensure that providers adhere to accepted standards of practice when providing abortion services. This includes the proper use of drugs and other medical interventions and the provision of counselling and support services to women seeking abortions. Health systems should also provide safeguards to protect the confidentiality of women seeking abortion services.

Post-Abortion Care 

Post-abortion care is an important component of comprehensive reproductive health care. It includes a wide range of services that help women and their partners recover physically and emotionally after an abortion, and ensure that they remain healthy and well-informed about their reproductive health. Such services typically include physical examinations, contraception counselling, psychological care, and follow-up visits. Physical examinations involve checking for possible complications related to the abortion, such as infections, haemorrhage, or retained tissue. A physician may also order additional tests, such as a Pap smear or sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening, to ensure that the woman is healthy. Additionally, a physician may recommend contraception counselling to ensure that the woman understands her options and can make an informed decision about the method that best suits her needs. Psychological care is important for women who have recently undergone an abortion. It can include providing support, counselling, and referrals to mental health services as needed. During psychological care, a provider may assess a woman’s coping skills, discuss any unresolved feelings related to the abortion, and help her develop strategies for managing stress or anxiety.


The right of access to safe abortion is a fundamental human right. Health systems have the responsibility to ensure that women and girls can access safe abortion services with dignity and respect. Technical and policy guidance is essential to ensure that health systems meet the needs of all women, regardless of their location or socio-economic status. Governments and health systems must work together to ensure that women have access to safe abortion services. We cannot afford to deny women and girls their basic rights.

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